how to prevent accidents at home

Expecting guests - perhaps a visit from Mom and Dad? 

Or are you getting ready to welcome over some of your kids' friends?

Before anyone crosses your threshold, consider this sobering statistic: Unintentional injury sends one of every four children to the hospital each year.

Seniors and guests who are unfamiliar with your home's terrain are also at risk for home accidents. 

You don't need to turn your home into a fortress, but there are some measures you'll want to take to minimize the chance of accidents at home.

Assure a Safe Entry

Make sure your house number is clearly visible. Regularly clear sidewalks and porches around your home of kids' toys or anything else someone visiting for the first time might trip over.

You'll also want to make sure the entryway is well-lighted. Even if you've removed any obstacles along the walkways, a well-lit entrance is key to preventing one of the most common accidents at home - trips and falls.

And visitors unfamiliar with the steps leading to your front door can easily trip without adequate lighting to lead the way.

Clear Walkways Inside Your Home, Too

To prevent accidents inside your home, make sure there is a clear, well-lit walkway that someone is a wheelchair or with a walker could safely navigate.

Take up slippery area rugs. Mark any changes in floor level with plants or furniture.

Stairs and Windows

To prevent tots from toppling down stairs, gates that lock from banister to wall are a must.

Tie up drapery and mini blind cords; they invite attention and pose a tripping or strangulation hazard for children. Remove interior doors not used for privacy; they can catch little fingers.

Place stickers or colored tape on sliding glass doors to keep people from crashing into them. 

Make sure the doors leading to hazardous rooms, such as the garage or cellar, and those leading outdoors have interior locks installed above a child's reach to prevent little ones from wandering about. 

Consider replacing interior doorknobs with lever-type handles. They're easier for kids and for those whose grip is impaired. 

Preventing Living Room Accidents

The living room and the family room are the natural gathering areas in any home. 

Look carefully around these rooms for any item within reach that a toddler could knock off its perch.

Use furniture corner protectors on sharp-edged tables to keep newly-walking family members safe as they toddle about.

If you have a wobbly bookcase, fasten it securely to the wall so that a curious climber can't pull it down. (Added benefit: this is also a great way to prepare your home for earthquakes.)

Remove all furniture with sharp corners or other protrusions, or attach foam padding to the pointed parts. Make house plants inaccessible to babies: Some plants are poisonous, and all have leaves that can pose a choking hazard.

Kitchen and Bathroom Tips to Prevent Accidents at Home

Since the kitchen houses a variety of sharp objects, chemicals, and choking hazards, you'll need to be especially vigilant here.

In both the kitchen and bathroom, use childproof cabinet locksto secure cabinets with cleaners inside.

Do the same for drawers containing sharp tools. Stow trash containers in a locked cabinet. 

If you have a gas stove, cover stove knobs with inexpensive sheaths, so only you can turn on the gas.

 Move refrigerator magnets out of a child's reach. If one of those breaks, its various parts could pose a choking hazard.

The bathroom is rife with danger. You can stop accidents before they happen by placing a nonslip mat on the floor of the tub or shower.. Pad the bathtub spout with an insulating cover that protects against bruising and scalding.

Always keep razors, blow dryers, and other electric appliances unplugged when they're not being used. 

Finally, turn down the hot water heater to a temperature no higher than 120 degrees F. (49 degrees C.) to prevent bathtub and shower burns. 

Clear everything from around the bathtub. Close the toilet lid and the bathroom door after each use. Even an inch of water is enough to drown a small child. 

If small children are only occasional visitors to your home, before they arrive focus on securing a single room for them to use. Remember, however, that there is no substitute for adult supervision.

› How to Prevent Accidents at Home