flood insurance: What You should know 

About 80 percent of hurricane victims do not have flood insurance, and may be in for another hit after floodwaters drain and they discover standard homeowners insurance policies won't cover their claims.

Flood coverage is excluded from traditional policies, and is available only in the form of a separate policy from the federal government's National Flood Insurance Program. 

Homeowners without insurance against flood damage can possibly apply for federal disaster relief benefits, but those come in the form of low-interest loans - a burden for those already struggling with too much debt. 

And should you get such a loan, you'll still be paying your mortgage along with interest on the loan to repair flood damage. 

In short: It pays to ensure your finances aren't devastated - along with your home - in the event of catastrophic flooding by weighing the costs of a separate insurance policy against the out-of-pocket expenses long before a storm is on the horizon.

The Difference Between Flood Insurance and Homeowner's Insurance Policies

  • Your home insurance policy covers many hazards - but flooding isn't one of them. You need a separate insurance policy to cover home water damage resulting from heavy rains, winter storms, and other natural occurrences.
  • There are two types of flood coverage: building and contents. Homeowner and condominium unit owners can buy up to $250,000 of building coverage; and up to $100,000 coverage for contents.
  • There are low-cost insurance policies. If you live in a low-to-moderate-risk area, there are more than 90 private insurance companies in the U.S. that offer affordable flood insurance backed by the federal government. Request online insurance quotes so that you compare home and contents insurance coverage and get the best rate.
  • Don't wait for a rainy day to get home insurance. There is usually a 30-day waiting period before your home insurance goes into effect. Don't wait until a storm is brewing to consider your insurance options.
  • Don't rely on federal disaster assistance to cover your home's flooding damage.  Before federal disaster assistance is offered, the President has to declare a major disaster. Flood insurance coverage is in effect even when a disaster isn't declared. And even then, the average award for individual households is $4,000.

Flooding and Your Finances

History shows flooding affects your finances.  Cleaning up a water damaged home can set you back thousands of dollars. It simply makes sense to be prepared with adequate insurance coverage.

To determine the financial impact flooding would have on your family, check out The Cost of Flooding tool at FloodSmart.gov.

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› 6 Things You Should Know About Flood Insurance