In the kitchen, proper handling of raw meat, fish, poultry, and fruits and vegetables can stop most germs associated with them from multiplying to levels that can make you and your family ill.
While most pathogens that occur naturally in uncooked foods - such as salmonella, staph, E. coli, and Campylobacter - are killed by proper cooking, many germs can spread long before you pop the entree into the oven.
These kitchen food safety tips for defrosting dinner, avoiding cross-contamination during food preparation, cooking entrees thoroughly, and eating hot foods while they're hot will help ensure there won't be any food-related tummy aches in your home.
Most pathogens that occur naturally in uncooked foods are killed by proper cooking to the following internal temperatures:
Many germs, however, can spread long before you pop the entree in the oven. E coli, hepatitis A, and salmonella - the most common contaminants - can find their way onto a sponge or dishcloth; and you, in turn, can then spread the bacteria all over your kitchen unless you make an effort to stop them.
The single most important thing you can do for kitchen food safety is to wash your hands with warm, soapy water for at least 20 seconds before and after preparing food.
This will prevent you from spreading meat-, poultry-, or fish-borne bacteria onto refrigerator doors, cabinet handles, countertops, and fruits and vegetables, where they'll be lying in wait next time you reach for a snack, or leftover slice of pizza.
In addition to washing your hands, you can help prevent cross-contamination by washing in hot, soapy water the utensils used to prepare raw food.
That includes all knives, cutting boards, and serving platters that have held raw meats, fish, or poultry.
When grilling, don't serve meat on the same platter you used to carry it outside before cooking.
If your kitchen counter comes in contact with even a drop of juice from uncooked meat, poultry, or fish, clean up the area with hot, soapy water and paper towels - not the sponge you use daily.To kill all the germs, however, you'll need to clean the surface with a mild bleach solution (one part bleach to nine parts water) or use a commercial disinfectant such as Lysol Antibacterial Kitchen Cleaner Spray.
Keep all kitchen surfaces dry; bacteria survive no more than a few hours when moisture is eliminated.
Even your kitchen sponges and dishcloths - the very items that are supposed to help you get rid of lurking germs - can be part of the problem unless you clean them regularly. You should replace your sponges every two weeks. Regularly throw dishcloths in the washing machine - and always use hot water and bleach.
Always eat food while it's hot, and refrigerate leftovers promptly.
Prepared or cut food, including fruit, should not sit unrefrigerated for more than two hours in cool weather, one hour when it's warm. If the food item has been left out, toss it.
Always store eggs in the fridge, and discard those with cracked or broken shells.
Resist the urge to taste-test if you're unsure about something - even a small amount of contaminated food can make you very ill.
Put dates on leftovers in the fridge so that you can use them within a safe period. Determining a food's safety by odor or appearance is risky; spoilage isn't always evident.
Finally, wash produce before you eat or cook it, to remove surface germs. That way, you won't contaminate other surfaces after touching these foods.