upholstery cleaning codes explained

What exactly do those upholstery cleaning fabric codes on your couch or sofa cushion mean? They're not exactly self-explanatory. The letters you'll find are generally W, S, WS, or X.

And they're meant to tell you which DIY upholstery cleaner or solution to use to safely clean the fabric without damaging it. (And which to avoid.)

This guide will help you decipher the meaning behind upholstery fabric cleaning codes.

Upholstery Cleaning Code W

W = Water based cleaning agent. Clean wth a water-based product such as a little foam from mild detergent or a non-solvent upholstery shampoo.

Use as little foam and water as possible to do the job; you don't want to get the upholstery too wet.

Fabric Cleaning Code S

S = Solvent. Clean with a mild water-free dry cleaning solvent. Use just a little and make sure you have plenty of ventilation.

Fabric Cleaning Code WS

WS = Water-based cleaning agent or solvent. Depending on the stain, fabric cleaning code ws tells you can use a dry-cleaning solvent, the foam of a mild detergent, or upholstery shampoo.

Cleaning Code X

X= Don't clean it yourself. Hire a professional. You can, however, vacuum or brush off surface dirt and grime.

A Word About Cleaning Zippered Cushions

By the way, zippered cushion covers do not mean you can remove the covers for cleaning separately. The zippers are there to provide a tighter fit.

If you clean covers separately, they may shrink, tear, or discolor. It's deceptive, I know. I've bought couches myself on the mistaken notion that I could clean the removable covers.

What to Know About Furniture Wearability Codes

In addition to the cleaning code, manufacturers use a wearability code to gauge how well a particular fabric will hold up under use.

When you're shopping for furniture, ask the salesperson about the wearability of the various fabrics. Then go for the one that will take the most abuse.

Here's how to break the secret code:

HE = Heavy Duty

This is what you want in your family room.

MD = Medium Duty

Reserve this until your kids are out of the toddler stage.

LD = Light Duty

This is rather delicate fabric that is definitely not kid proof. Use it for entertaining.

DD = Delicate Duty

Do we need to even discuss this one? If you have a room that's off-limits to kids and pets, buy this fabric.

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