keeping house plants healthy

Houseplants on walls shelves.

House plants contribute a lot to your home: beauty, serenity, even oxygen as they go about their daily growth and flowering.

But their need for constant care can also be a drain on your time. 

Can you keep plants healthy and vigorous even if you can barely spare a minute to care for them?

Yes - if you follow a few simple rules.

Here's how to choose and keep house plants healthy.

Keep Only Plants That Do Well in Your Home's Conditions

First, keep only those plants that you genuinely enjoy, and that do well in your surroundings. If your house is dark and shady, for example, stay away from all cacti and other sun lovers - in low light, they'll grow spindly and misshapen. 

Avoid Thirsty Plants If You're a Road Warrior

If you're often out of town, avoid plants that need frequent watering, such as ferns - they will die of thirst.

The tag in a new plant's potting soil can help guide you as to how much light and water the plant needs. If you're going on vacation, there are several ways to keep houseplants healthy and watered until you return.

For small plants, water and drain each one thoroughly, move it to a shaded spot, then seal it in a plastic bag.  Or buy a capillary waterer at a plant store. These convenient mat-like or tray-like devices deliver moisture to the bottoms of pots without immersing them.

It's one way to keep house plants healthy if you're not around a lot.

Don't Keep Plants Out of Habit

Take a similar approach to plants you keep out of habit. If that scraggly cutting from Aunt Agatha's rose geranium refuses to prosper, add it to the compost; she'll forgive you.

 If the potted azalea that sat on your desk at your hated old job makes you miserable when you look at it, toss it.

Own fewer, larger plants instead of a lot of smaller ones. They'll make a bolder statement, and you won't need to spend as much time caring for them. 

To Keep House Plants Healthy Choose The Right Location

To make plant care easier, keep plants in the part of the house where they'll do best: Gather those moisture-loving plants in your humid bathroom. Then, group plants that prefer life on the dry side on the same sunny sill. That way you won't harm some as you try to keep others alive. 

Don't Kill House Plants With Kindness

When it comes to watering, don't kill plants with kindness. Most actually need to dry out a bit between waterings because their roots draw air from pockets in the soil.

If the soil is continuously waterlogged, the plant will suffocate and rot. To avoid this, wait to water until the top of the soil dries to the liking of each type of plant. Then water thoroughly and dump out any excess that drains into the saucer. 

Cleaning Plants

Instead of dusting those dingy leaves by hand, place plants in the sink and gently spray them with water. Or, briefly set them in the tub under a cool (not cold) shower until the leaves are fresh, and clean.

While your house plants are actively growing, occasionally pinch off the last few leaves' worth of new stems; the plants will produce bushier, more luxuriant growth.